Sep 04, 2015 Uncategorized Comments Off on China commemorates victory over fascism (The Frontier Post (Pakistan))
On Thursday, China commemorated the 70th anniversary of the victory of its War of resistance against Japanese aggression and its World anti-fascist war. The climax of these celebrations was grand military parade, departing from the past tradition when parade was held every decade on National Day. It featured memories from the war 70 years ago – memories of cruelty, suffering, starvation, bloodshed and resistance. Pakistan President Mamnoon Hussain attended the commemorations marking the 70th anniversary of the victory against fascism; the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon also attended the commemoration. Earlier, he rejected Japanese criticism of his decision to attend China’s Victory Day parade, saying it was important to recognise China’s wartime sacrifice and learn the lessons of history. Ban Ki-moon is among 30 world leaders that attended spectacular military parade in Beijing including Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Japan did not attend because the commemorations were in fact against the then Japan’s fascist government as well as then fascist regimes of Germany and Italy. Secondly, there are differences between China and Japan over South China Sea. The western countries did not attend because they are wary of unprecedented rise of China, and they are also concerned over China’s insatiable demand for raw materials and oil. Seeing China having made inroads in Africa and elsewhere, they have renewed their efforts to contain China. Their sinister designs are obvious from the US-India nuclear deal and sophisticated arms sale to Taiwan. It was in this backdrop that China had warned of serious repercussions following Washington’s announcement of a $6.4bn (4bn) arms deal with Taiwan. Even at the present, Taiwan is an obvious flashpoint, the place where US promises with Taiwan and China’s goals could collide one day.
China never ruled out the use of force for reunification of Taiwan with the mainland. But Chinese leadership always remained well-composed and never reacted reflexively even when it was a question of its rights over Taiwan. Chinese leadership has all along been focusing on economic development, which is sine qua non to military strength. Given the pace of China’s economic development, analysts predict that China would be the leading industrial power and a superpower between 2020 and 2030. And it could be sooner rather than later. China’s economic growth was more than 10 percent for a decade; its Gross National Product (GNP) is next to the US and has become second largest economy of the world. With China’s rise, the present world has already become a bipolar world, at least figuratively.
Indeed, China was once a great civilization, but degeneration had crept in due to the intrigues of the West. However, the Marxist ideology and leadership of Chairman Mao Tse Tung inspired the people, and it was back on the track to enlightenment and development. China was predominantly an agricultural society; therefore base of its revolution was not proletariat like Soviet Union but farmers. However, after Deng Xiao Ping took over the control of the Communist Party, he felt that that China could not go forward unless it got western technology. Earlier, the US and the West were working on the plan to exacerbate the contradictions between Russia and China. It was in this backdrop that they extended their cooperation and did transfer some intermediate technology to China. Anyhow, Chinese adopted the capitalistic system or market economy but under the leadership of old guards of the Communist Party – indeed a unique arrangement.